Vol. 1, Issue 1 (2016)
Intuition: A Theory of Knowledge to Grasp Reality
Author(s): Dr. Mayuri Barman
Abstract: One of the most fundamental problems of philosophy is the discrimination of the basic methods of inquiry into the nature of the ultimate reality. From the ancient times until the present, intuition is discussed in both western and non-western philosophical writings. Traditionally, the western and non-western Hindu philosophical schools of thought have taken intuition to be non-discursive form or independent way of gaining knowledge. In western philosophy we find intuition from the ancient period of Greek Philosophy, namely, Plato in his book ‘Phaedo’. Modern philosophers have taken ‘intuition’ to mean ‘immediate apprehension’ by the mind without the intervention of any reasoning process, a particular act of such apprehension. They mean by ‘immediate’ direct that is not mediate by reasoning process. So, modern philosophers usually mean by ‘immediate apprehension’ a mental group which is not mediated by the reasoning process. Among the most recent philosophers we find that one of the famous accounts of intuition has been furnished by Bergson, 1955. To him intuition is the only organ of grasping reality which is dynamic. He holds that humans can only know reality, as a process only via intuition. Bergson took intuition to be non-mediate “seeing into” by an entering into the flow of consciousness. Sense-experience and intellect cannot apprehend the nature of reality. It is only the intuitive experience on which philosophy must build its conception of original reality.