Vol. 2, Issue 5 (2017)
Independent Matrika's images: Pratihar’s art
Author(s): Dr. Sharmila
Abstract: The Gurjara-Pratijhara’s of Kanyakubja (Kanauj) were one of the prominent and earliest Rajputa rulers of north India who succeeded in yielding supremacy over north in circa 8th century A.D.1 The period between circa 7th to 12th century A.D. in north India has its own importance for its political and socio-economic development, which was marked by feudal tendencies. After the fall of the Gupta empire political unity was shattered which resulted in the emergence of new royal dynasties, and a conscious regional outlook throughout India. The political struggle for supremacy resulted into political fragmentation which vastly affected the socio-economic life of north India. The material milieu of the period had a comprehensive effect on its social structure. An independent image of Matrika was collected by the Haryana state museum from Vill. Uchana, Distt. Jind. The statue is completely broken above the neck. The Matrika is shown seated in Lalitasana on a raised pedestal. On the left lap a child with his right arm are placed on the left shoulder of his mother is seated. The two armed goddess is depicted holding her breast by her right hand to feed the child. The goddess is decked with torque, ekavali, Keyura, Kankana, nupura, scarf and sari (c. 9th — 10°' cent a). A broken piece of a saptamatrika's panel's found from palwaI (Distt. Faridabad, Haryana) which shows Indrani find Chamunda in seated posture. The facial expression and fine carving of the figure of Indrani are remarkable.