Vol. 2, Issue 5 (2017)
Role of education in social change
Author(s): Dr. P Chand Basha
Abstract: Education like so many other social institutions is two-faced, forward-looking and backward looking. Education in the older sense of the word is training in the arts, crafts and values of a tribe or a class or a society. Education has tremendous scope as an instrument of social and cultural change. One should bear in mind that through education not only knowledge is imparted, but skills, interests, attitudes, aspirations and values are developed, social and cultural progress is facilitated, and at the same time social and cultural level of the people is raised. Education brings cultural changes which may result in many transitions and alterations in the society in many forms. This may be observed in every aspects human culture like variations in norms of values and thinking modes, changes in material culture, ideas, family relations, political culture, patterns of administration at the local, state, regional and national level, involvement in social activities, change in abilities and attitudes of personnel; in short in every aspects of human activity. In the words of Golda Meyer, the purpose of education is to civilize the thousands of barbarians that are born in to this world every hour. If education fails to bring change in the learner, then it is worthless. Education is considered the most powerful tool in bringing change in man. On one hand, education acculturates an individual; on the other hand, it preserves, transmits and develops the culture of a society. In short, education and culture are mutually interdependent, complementary and supplementary in all their aspects and activities. The technological advancement, the result of education has helped human being change his living habits. Machines are taking over more and more of man‘s mechanical activities. Now he has more leisure time at his disposal. There is tremendous burst of inventive skills. The scientific attitude and training is relieving the Indian of his static background of the inherited past of dogma, superstitions, inflexibility, and loaded moral values and predetermined behavioural patterns. Today the Indian mind carries not only its racial and cultural memories but also the technological and scientific truths of others.