Vol. 2, Issue 5 (2017)
Social networking sites and mental health: A review
Author(s): Sajad Ahmad Bhat
Abstract: Social networking sites have become an important part of modern life. They are generally defined as web-based platforms that allow individuals to create their own personal profile and build a network of connections with other users. Numerous other SNSs exist, although many are popular only among certain sub-groups or within particular geographic regions. Most SNSs also facilitate public and private messaging, photo, video and other content sharing, provide live updates, and enable the formation of groups and organizational pages. SNS’s made the flow of information quick and enable the people of one region or one nation connect with people of other region and other nations. Facebook is the most widely used social networking site and the global statistics for Facebook in the second quarter of 2016 stands at 1.7 billion. 2.42billion People of the world population are using SNS which is expected to reach 2.95billion in 2020. An estimated 650 million of these users are expected to be from China alone and approximately a third of a million from India. The research, however, remained unclear about these dynamic changes by SNS and whether some of these changes may affect certain normal aspects of human behavior and cause psychological problems. Several studies have indicated that the prolonged use of social networking sites such as Facebook, Instagram, and Twitter may be related to signs and symptoms of depression. Some other research studies have indicated that certain SNS activities are associated with lower levels of self-esteem and confidence, especially in children and adolescents. Other studies have presented opposite results in terms of the positive impact of social networking on self-esteem. This paper is an attempt to just summarize few of the research studies pertaining to SNS and present an overall scenario of present research about SNS.