Social barriers for tribal female dropouts from literacy programme
Dr. Deepak Kumar Pradhan, Sikha Moni Konwar
The objective of this paper is to study the social related barriers for female literacy among the different Tribal Groups dropout from literacy programmes in Bolangir district of Odisha. Hypothesis of the Study: There exist no significant differences in the social related barriers for literacy among the different Tribal women dropouts of Bolangir District of Odisha. Methodology of The Study: Survey design was used for conducting this study. The total number of 18457, Tribal female dropouts from the Total Literacy Campaign, Post-Literacy Programme and Continuing of Bolangir district of Odisha served as the population. 800 respondents were drawn from the universe by using multistage Sampling Procedure. Interview Schedule used for the purpose of data collection and ‘t’ test was used for the data analysis and interpretation. It was evident from the data analysis that variables such as indiscipline behaviour of the learner, migration in search of work, unwillingness of the family member, marriage at young age, were differ from the opinions of the of Kandha, Lodha, Saora and Bonda tribal women. On the other hand Kandha Vs Saora, Kandha Vs Bonda, Lodha Vs Saora and Lodha Vs Bonda for conservative outlook of the family, Kandha Vs Saora, Kandha Vs Bonda, Lodha Vs Saora, Lodha Vs Bonda, Saora Vs Bonda for never priority in literacy were differ in their opinions with regard to the social barriers.