Hidden stories behind the challenges: School based management experiences of Sri Lanka
The schools in Sri Lanka where the School Based Management (SBM) is being implemented are facing varies challenges. This study was carried out to explore the real challenges faced by the stakeholders of schools in implementing SBM in Sri Lanka. The main aim of this study was to investigate experiences of School Development Committee (SDC) members on challenges in implementing SBM in Sri Lanka. This is a qualitative research study, and multiple case study approach was used in investigating the research problem. Purposively selected the SDC members as participants, and document analysis and semi-structured interviews were employed for data gathering in this study. Thematic analysis was used in analyzing data. It was revealed that the key challenges faced by stakeholders as negative attitudes of community members towards school development, lack of resources; poor participation of parents and past pupils in school development. The background of stakeholders of school is one of the challenges that they face in implementing this programme. Schools do not have adequate facilities for extracurricular activities; the Ministry of Education or Provincial Ministry of Education do not provide sufficient amount of resources to schools, so, they are compelled to generate funds for school development. However, schools have not been provided sufficient power and authority in collecting funds, constructing buildings and purchasing of lands etc. Therefore, existing rules and regulations need to be amended for the smooth functioning of this programme in school. It is imperative to have a supervisory body for monitoring schools, and a better mechanism to train staff members and relevant partners of schools.