Attitude of undergraduates towards multiple-choice and true/false item format in achievement testing in the University of port Harcourt, Nigeria
Dr. GW Orluwene, NWEDE Oluchi Nkemdirim Ngozi
The study investigated the attitude of undergraduates towards item format in the University of Port Harcourt, Rivers State, Nigeria. Two research questions were answered while two null hypotheses were tested at 0.05 alpha level. The study adopted Ex-post facto design. The population of the study consistent of all the undergraduates in the University of Port Harcourt. The sample size of six hundred (600) level 300 to 500 undergraduates were drawn through multi-stage sampling method. Simple random sampling technique by balloting was used to draw six faculties out of twelve faculties in the institution. A self-designed instrument called ‘Attitude of undergraduates to assessment format questionnaire was used for data collection. Face, content and construct validities were certified. Construct validity was done, the result yielded Cronbach Alpha values of 0.74 for the multiple choice section, 0.58 for the true/false section item format. Frequency, proportion and simple percentage were used to calculate the responses to ascertain male and female with positive and negative attitude towards the various format, while the hypotheses were tested using Chi-square statistical technique, the results obtained after the analysis showed that there is no significant difference in the proportion of male and female undergraduates with positive and negative attitude towards the various item formats used in achievement testing of undergraduates based on gender. The results were discussed in line with the research questions. It was recommended that teachers, test constructors and developers should set multiple-choice and true/false item format without taking into consideration the gender of the undergraduates as it was revealed that there is no significant difference in the proportion of male and female undergraduates with positive and negative attitude towards the above mentioned formats. Suggestion for further studies, limitation of the study, conclusion and contribution to knowledge were drawn from the study.