Vol. 4, Issue 5 (2019)
Critical review on factors that influence work readiness of vocational high school students
Author(s): Supari Muslim, Nita Kusumawati, Erina Rahmadyanti, Euis Ismayati, Achmad Imam Agung
Abstract: The aim of vocational secondary education is not yet fully achieved. Evidence shows that the absorption rate of vocational high school (VHS) graduates in the work environment is still low. The August 2016 to August 2017 data shows that there are 7.4 million unemployment rates, due to the difference between the quality of labor needed by industry and the ability of applicants in general. The ability of applicants, especially the level of work readiness of VHS graduates, turns out that the average is still low due to many factors that influence it. In connection with that, several questions can be asked as follows: (1) what is meant by work readiness ?; (2) what factors influence the level of work readiness ?; (3) does academic ability influence work readiness ?; (4) whether the industry work experience influences work readiness ?; and (5) do career expectations affect work readiness? To answer a number of these questions, especially question number (2), the research is conducted with the literature review method on a number of related references, and relevant research results. The study concluded that the factors that influence the work readiness of vocational students include: (1) academic achievement; (2) productive training eye competency; (3) industry practice /on the job training (OJT); (4) productive subject skills; (5) work motivation; (6) experience about the world of work; (7) self-efficacy; (8) achievement motivation; (9) career / vocational guidance; (10) student independence; (11) student confidence; (12) work environment; (13) the quality of apprenticeship implementation; (14) systems and procedures for implementing apprenticeship; (15) knowledge of the world of work; (16) behavioral factors; (17) innate factors; (18) factors of ideals; (19) locus of control; (20) entrepreneurial attitude; and (21) family support.