Vol. 4, Issue 5 (2019)
The impact of democratic processes on the development of Rwanda: Study findings from “The impact of democratic governance on the development of urban areas in Rwanda”: A case of Kigali city (2003-2013)
Author(s): Omar Khalfan, Salomon Asiimwe Muchwa
Abstract: The study on “The Impact of Democratic processes on the Development of Rwanda, the case of Kigali City” is premised on the understanding that democratic governance (here we chose to have three of the democratic governance’s components: decentralization, political parties and elections) do affect development of urban areas, as good governance’s principles go hand in hand with development of urban or rural settings. The overall objective of this study was to analyse the impact of democratic processes on the development of Kigali city and how one (democracy and development) can impinge another if it is left behind. This study was conducted in Kigali City, capital of Rwanda covering three districts namely; Gasabo, Kicukiro and Nyarugenge. The study employed both qualitative and quantitative methods. The main methods’ tools used in data collection are in-depth interviews, Focus Group Discussions (FGDs), questionnaire, observation, and review of secondary data. In order to establish the contribution of different respondents in supporting democratic processes and development of urban areas, this study used a sample of 158 respondents selected from a study population of which is equal to 0.05. and this means that we make the poll to 5% of the population. Data sources included primary and secondary sources. Primary data was collected mostly from Kigali city’s officials and employees, politicians and members of political parties, Civil Society organizations and communities, academicians and research centres. Data were collected through the period of three years: 2011-2013. Finally, we cannot ignore the impact that democratic processes may put on development factors, specifically in policy formulation, adoption and implementation; as one is political and another is about social welfare, i.e. both are interlinked and should go hand-in-hand in order to influence one another for better political stability and sustainable development.