Vol. 5, Issue 2 (2020)
Implications of theories for online teaching and learning; an intervention to the effects of COVID-19 pandemic on Education in Ghana
Author(s): Samuel Baah-Duodu, Maxwell Adu Gyamfi, Patrick C Dogli, Jefferson Oduro Assiamah, Seth Borbye, Ebenezer Somea-Addai
Abstract: The Global prevalence of COVID-19 notwithstanding the deficit of academic performance when comparing students with learning disabilities (LD) to their colleagues who are non-disabled has led all Ghanaian schools to halt teaching and learning at all levels in regular education classrooms from pre-school to the tertiary level. In this time of crisis whiles students prepare and await national examinations likeBasic Education Certificate Examination(BECE) for basic schools, West African Secondary School Certificate Examination (WASSCE) for senior high schools and Ghana National Teacher Licensure Examination (GTLE) for prospective teachers; are there alternative ways for learning instead of the regular conventional face to face classroom interaction? Is Ghana ready and prepared for such alternative methods? Would students with learning disabilities be catered for to avoid high abysmal performances in these examinations? This study is aimed at discussing possible implications of online learning based on educational theories and teachers’ personal theories of teaching and learning as interventions. The fundamental framework for this study was adapted from Fox’s (1983) teaching as professed in teachers’ theory of teaching and learning by Nicole (2017) as well as relating the behaviourists, developmentalists and constructivists learning theories to online teaching. Revealing the existence of knowledge as basis for this study, review of literature for online learning was discussed to support the relevancy and significance to the study. Recommendations for future research include examining effects of using online learning to enhance students’ academic performance. This study would provide basic schools, secondary schools, colleges of education and their affiliated university teachers with the need to employ a blend of online platforms during and after schools lock-down for teaching and learning in Ghana.