Nai-Talim: A look at Gandhian basic education programme
Bharat Yadav, Manju Yadav
Gandhi believed that education should be intimately related with human experience. He wanted to present an alternative of British colonial system of education, straining that educational system must be one in which the highest development of mind and soul is possible and which instils courage and self-reliance in the individual, while at the same time, helping them cultivate the highest intellectual scientific, moral, and ethical accomplishments. To create a Sarvodaya society Gandhiji says, boys and girls should grow up acquiring as much of learning as possible in and through productive work. In basic education system it is recommended to impart education throw mother tongue, which helps inculcating values like love towards mother tongue and Swadeshi (native). Education through industry helps in developing values like respect for manual labour, sense of co-operation, feeling of being mutually helpful through manual work, development of friendship feeling, economical self-reliance, team spirit and sincerity. This paper discusses about meaning, definition, division and objectives of Gandhiji’s Basic Education called Nai-Talim. The paper also tries to explain main points of Nai-Talim, as well as required qualities of Basic teacher.