Techniques and philosophy of liberation: Dr. B.R. Ambedkar
Dr. Priti Chaudhari
Ambedkar has a consistent record of academic brilliance, as a student in a school, though he was in the front rank in his academic excellence, He was discriminated purely on basis of caste. So, young Ambedkar made up this mind to work hard to remove this social evil and injustice. Ambedkar’s life work was to challenge and eliminate the practice of untouchability and to liberate the Dalits. Ambedkar’s strategy to achieve his goal may be seen from four different angles. 1. Creating awareness and Vision. 2. Legal and Constitutional remedies and safeguards. 3. Positive constructive work to uplift the Dalits and 4. Struggle for Social justice. For the propagation of the improving condition of untouchables he started a Marathi fortnightly the “Bahiskrit Bharat” in April 1927 and The “Janata” in November 1930. In 1927 he started the “Samaj Samata Sangh” for preaching social equality among the untouchables and the caste Hindus. Inter caste marriage and Inter-dinning formed important parts of the programme of this organization. Dr. B. R. Ambedkar was a powerful speaker and persuasive conversationalist. Ambedkar himself achieved great heights in learning by his hard work. The same needs to be achieved by other dalits. He resorted to struggle techniques for justice whenever it was needed. His struggle techniques were remarkably far from violence and hatred. In December 1927 he undertook a nonviolent action campaign and established the civil rights of the dalits to draw water from public rank at Mahad in Maharatshtra. In march 1930 he led a non-violent campaign to establish the rights of dalits to get entry into the Dalaram Temple at Nasik. It was withdrawn only after the goal was reached. Ambedkar finally left Hinduism and joined Buddhism on 14th October 1956. He firmly believed that unless Hinduism itself is destroyed Varna and Caste system cannot be destroy and his strong views challenged the established Hindu hierarchy. By joining Buddhism he tried to develop a separate identity and power base for the Dalits.