Determination and characterization of women, infants and young children dietary diversity in period of Burkina Faso agricultural welding
Ousmane Ouedraogo, Ella Wendinpuikondo Raketa COMPAORE, Sabiba Kou santa Emile AMOUZOU, Mamoudou Hama DICKO
Introduction: The increasing of the variety of foods and food groups in the diet helps to ensure adequate intake of essential nutrients and promotes good health. The main objective was to determine the quality of the diet of women, infants and young children. Methods: A 24-h open recall was used to collect all foods eaten by women, infants and young children in Centre-West Region. The dietary diversity (DD) score equals the number of consumed food groups according to WHO recommendations for infants (6-23 months) and FAO for women and young children (24-59 months). Three dietary diversity classes were determined around the individual DD average. For each dietary diversity class, food consumption profile was determined by food items or groups consumed by at least 50% of women, infants and young children according to FAO guide. Results: The study was conducted among a sample of 928 women, 546 infants, and 200 young children. Dietary diversity score (DDS) was low (< 5), average (= 5) and high (> 5) respectively 26.1%, 36.8% and 37.1% of women, and 21.0%, 41.5% and 37.5% of young children. DDS was low (< 4), average (= 4) and high (> 4) respectively at 27.1%, 14.3% and 58.6% of infants. In times of agricultural welding, 35% of women, 41% of infants and 42% of young children were consuming vitamin A-rich foods of animal origin. There were 82% of women, 68% of infants and 86% of young children who consumed iron rich-foods. Conclusion: The dietary diversity score increased gradually as the age of woman, young children and infant increased. In agricultural welding period, people consumed more iron rich-foods than vitamin A-rich foods.
Ousmane Ouedraogo, Ella Wendinpuikondo Raketa COMPAORE, Sabiba Kou santa Emile AMOUZOU, Mamoudou Hama DICKO. Determination and characterization of women, infants and young children dietary diversity in period of Burkina Faso agricultural welding. International Journal of Advanced Educational Research, Volume 4, Issue 2, 2019, Pages 30-38