Role of local community in universalization of elementary education in India
Sambhu Sankar Deep
The success of an integrated programme like Samagra Shiksha Abhiyan can be ensured if and only if there is an active participation of the Community. The main objective is to strengthen community participation in elementary education with the ultimate aim of community ownership of schools and involvement of women’s Group, School Mangement Committees (SMC) members, and members of Panchayati Raj in fulfilling the objectives of UEE. Our main tasks are to enable the persons in the community, who still believe that issues related to access, enrolment, retention and quality education depend largely on Govt. machineries and teachers, for realizing the actual situation and to motivate them for performing their specific tasks to reach the social target through SSA. Involvement of the community under SSA is through broad strategies such as community ownership, community-based monitoring with complete transparency, habitation as a unit of planning, accountability to community, priority to girls education, fuscous on special groups, pre –project phase, role of teachers and district elementary education plans.