A study on the impact of gender on the career of Sri Lankan women
G R Niromi Gunarathne
In spite of the fact that every person is made up of similar biological factors at birth, a person will be assigned as either male of female on the basis of physiological characteristics such as gentiles and chromosome composition. However, in addition to the physical and psychogenic variations, there is a wide difference between females and males despite the evolution of humankind. Women and men both have been engaged in diverse jobs ever since. However, in comparison to females, majority of the professions have been undertaken by the males in the society. When the ratio of men and women in Sri Lanka by 2020 was approximately 100 to 92.12 employment rates of men and women were 65.7% and 34.3% accordingly1. Assimilation of the aforesaid position, it is evident that the rate of female employment is low. Accordingly, the main objective of this research was to investigate whether women are discriminated against in the profession in which they are employed due to being female, despite the relatively low level of female employment. A sample of 280 has been drawn from men and women residing in Maharagama Colombo District, involved in private and government sectors covering seven fields. The sample has been selected through random sampling to assure the transparency and validity. Interviews, questionnaire have been availed for the collection of data. Therefore, the research has been conducted to examine the treatment towards women engaged in private and public sectors under seven career fields with respect to selection, promotions, relationship with the heads, salary, training opportunities, decision making with regard to her employment, Job satisfaction and many societal factors.