Educational concepts in the Upaniṣads for twenty first centuries education
Ven Sravasthipura Shanthasiri Thero
According to the grammatical etymology, the basic meaning of the Upaniṣad is to sit close. It also means offerings, the hidden, the secret. The definition of trustworthy or secretive study is more in line with the basic meaning of use. The turning point in Eastern thought was the emergence of the Upaniṣads. The Upaniṣads teach the Vedic Aryan, who was thankful for environmental and natural phenomena out of fear and amazement, to become accustomed to rational thought and to seek the truth.The Upaniṣads, the 'product of the highest human wisdom' that guided human thought to explore phenomena logically and analytically, is the world's oldest surviving tradition of study. What were the educational concepts, learning, and teaching methods and techniques used by the Upaniṣad teachers? This study is based on that research problem. Accordingly, the purpose of this is to investigate such concepts used in Upaniṣad education in conjunction with the educational concepts put forward by modern educators. Out of hundreds of Upaniṣads, only ten major Upaniṣads, unequivocally accepted by critics as the oldest works, were selected as the limit of study. The methodology of the study was to refer to the primary and secondary sources. Accordingly, the basic method used for data collection was the examination of relevant Upaniṣads, scholarly writings, publications, and inquiries. Consolidated data analysis was performed using qualitative data analysis methods. It can be observed that many of the educational concepts and learning-teaching methods put forward by modern educators are simply used by the Upaniṣad teachers in imparting knowledge to their students and that even the roots of modern concepts extend to the Upaniṣad teachings. The findings and suggestions of this research also present some examples that can be taken from the Upaniṣads to modern educational conditions regarding teacher-student relationships, moral thinking, discipline, facilities, and technological tools.
Ven Sravasthipura Shanthasiri Thero. Educational concepts in the Upaniṣads for twenty first centuries education. International Journal of Advanced Educational Research, Volume 7, Issue 2, 2022, Pages 57-67